# PHYSICSWIKI:Manual of Style/Tables

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Tables are a way of presenting links, data or information in rows and columns. They can be useful for a variety of content presentations on Physicswiki, though should be used only when appropriate; sometimes the information in a table may be better presented as prose paragraphs or as an embedded list.

Avoid referring to tables as being on the left or right. Placement is different for viewers of the mobile version of Physicswiki, and is meaningless to people having pages read to them by assistive software. Instead, use captions to identify tables.

## Formatting

It is recommended that wikitables be used in place of HTML tables, as they are easier to customize and maintain. A standard "wikitable style" is also available, by adding class="wikitable" to the top row of the table.

Tables can be made sortable by adding class="wikitable sortable" to the top row. Sortable tables cannot contain any merged cells using rowspan; extreme caution should be applied if colspan is used.

### Captions and headings

Table captions and column/row headings should be succinct and self-explanatory. In most cases, individual words or sentence fragments should be used, and articles (a, an, the) are unnecessary. Only the first word in the caption or heading should be capitalized (except for proper nouns), in keeping with Physicswiki's conventions for capital letters.

### Appearance

In general, styles for tables and other block-level elements should be set using CSS classes, not with inline style attributes. This is because the site-wide CSS is more carefully tested to ensure compatibility with a wide range of browsers; it also creates a greater degree of professionalism by ensuring a consistent appearance between articles. Deviations from standard conventions are acceptable where they create a semantic distinction (for instance, the infoboxes and navigational templates relating to The Simpsons use a yellow colour-scheme instead of the customary mauve, to tie in with the dominant colour in the series) but should not be used gratuitously.

See Physicswiki:Deviations and Physicswiki talk:Consensus/RfC for guidance on use of colouring or non-standard formatting, and for when MoS and WikiProject guidance is at variance.

Consideration may be given to collapsing tables which consolidate information covered in the prose.

### Accessibility

Screen readers and other web browsing tools make use of specific table tags to help users navigate the data contained within them. Use the correct wikitable pipe syntax to take advantage of all the features available.

Do not separate items by leaving blank lines between them, even when using unordered or definition lists.

### Size

Splitting lists and tables per summary style is advised against.

Too much statistical data is against policy.

## Appropriate

### When tables are appropriate

Tables are a way of presenting links, data or information in rows and columns. They are a complex form of list. Tables might be used for presenting mathematical data such as multiplication tables, comparative figures, or sporting results. They might also be used for presenting equivalent words in two or more languages; for awards by type and year; complex discographies; etc.

Often a list is best left as a list. Before you format a list in table form, consider whether the information will be more clearly conveyed by virtue of having rows and columns. If so, then a table is probably a good choice. If there is no obvious benefit to having rows and columns, then a table is probably not the best choice.

Tables should not be used simply for layout, either. If the information you are editing is not tabular in nature, it probably does not belong in a table: Try not to use tables for putting a caption under a photograph, arranging a group of links, or other strictly visual features. It makes the article harder to edit for other Physicswikins. Also, when compared with tables, wikimarkup is more flexible, easier to use, and less esoteric when used for desktop publishing, page elements, and page orientation and positioning.

Examples:

Sporting results
 Outcome No. Year Championship Opponent in the final Score Ref. Winner 1. 1981 World Championship Doug Mountjoy 18–12 [1] Winner 2. 1983 World Championship (2) Cliff Thorburn 18–6 [1] Winner 3 1983 International Open Cliff Thorburn 9–3 [2] Winner 4. 1984 Classic Tony Meo 9–8 [3] Winner 5. 1984 World Championship (3) Jimmy White 18–16 [1] Winner 6. 1984 International Open (2) Tony Knowles 9–2 [2] Winner 7. 1984 UK Championship Alex Higgins 16–8 [4] Runner-up 1. 1985 World Championship Dennis Taylor 17–18 [1] Winner 8. 1985 Grand Prix Dennis Taylor 10–9 [5] Winner 9. 1985 UK Championship (2) Willie Thorne 16–14 [4]
Discographies
Year Title Peak chart positions Certifications
CAN
[6]
AUS
[7]
AUT
[8]
GER
[9]
NLD
[10]
NOR
[11]
SWE
[12]
SWI
[13]
UK
[14]
US
[6]
North America
[15][16]
Europe
[17][18]
1993 So Far So Good
• Released: November 2, 1993
• Label: A&M
2
[19]
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 CA: 6× Platinum
US: 5× Platinum
SW: 4× Platinum
UK: 3× Platinum
1999 The Best of Me
• Released: November 15, 1999
• Label: A&M
14 18 4 7 13 2 20 3 12 CA: 3× Platinum EU: 2× Platinum[20]
SW: Platinum
UK: Platinum
2005 Anthology
• Released: October 18, 2005
• Label: A&M
4 28 30 39 29 65 CA: 2× Platinum UK: Gold
2010 Icon
"—" denotes releases that did not chart.
Awards
Year Awards Film Won
1932 Outstanding Production Arrowsmith Irving G. ThalbergGrand Hotel
1935 Outstanding Production The Informer Irving G. ThalbergMutiny on the Bounty
1935 Best Director The Informer Won
1939 Best Director Stagecoach Victor FlemingGone with the Wind
1940 Outstanding Production The Long Voyage Home David O. SelznickRebecca
1940 Best Director The Grapes of Wrath Won
1941 Best Motion Picture How Green Was My Valley Won
1941 Best Director How Green Was My Valley Won
1942 Best Documentary The Battle of Midway Won
1943 Best Documentary, Short Subjects December 7th Won
1952 Best Motion Picture The Quiet Man Cecil B. DeMilleThe Greatest Show on Earth
1952 Best Director The Quiet Man Won
Mathematical tables
Multiplication table
× 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
2 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
3 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30
4 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40
5 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
6 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60
7 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63 70
8 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80
9 9 18 27 36 45 54 63 72 81 90
10 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Cladograms

Flow data

<timeline> ImageSize = width:700 height:270 PlotArea = left:100 bottom:60 top:0 right:50 Alignbars = justify DateFormat = mm/dd/yyyy Period = from:01/01/1965 till:12/05/1996 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal format:yyyy

Colors =

 id:Drums               value:purple     legend:Drums
id:Guitars             value:green      legend:Guitars
id:Bass                value:gray(0.40) legend:Bass
id:Keyboards          value:orange     legend:Keyboards


Legend = orientation:horizontal position:bottom

ScaleMajor = increment:2 start:01/01/1965

LineData =

 at:08/04/1967 color:black layer:back
at:06/28/1968 color:black layer:back
at:06/13/1969 color:black layer:back
at:11/07/1969 color:black layer:back
at:10/02/1970 color:black layer:back
at:11/05/1971 color:black layer:back
at:06/02/1972 color:black layer:back
at:03/23/1973 color:black layer:back
at:11/12/1975 color:black layer:back
at:01/21/1977 color:black layer:back
at:11/30/1979 color:black layer:back
at:03/21/1983 color:black layer:back
at:11/07/1987 color:black layer:back
at:03/28/1994 color:black layer:back


BarData =

 bar:Mason text:"Nick Mason"
bar:Barrett text:"Syd Barrett"
bar:Gilmour text:"David Gilmour"
bar:Klose  text:"Bob Klose"
bar:Waters text:"Roger Waters"
bar:Wright text:"Richard Wright"


PlotData=

 width:10 textcolor:black align:left anchor:from shift:(10,-4)
bar:Mason from:01/01/1965 till:end color:Drums
bar:Barrett from:01/01/1965 till:06/04/1968 color:Guitars
bar:Gilmour from:12/01/1967 till:end color:Guitars
bar:Klose from:01/01/1965 till: 12/05/1965 color:Guitars
bar:Waters from:01/01/1965 till:01/20/1985 color:Bass
bar:Wright from:01/01/1965 till:01/01/1980 color:Keyboards
bar:Wright from:01/01/1987 till:end color:Keyboards


</timeline>

### When tables may not be appropriate

Simple lists

If a list is simple, it is generally better to use one of the standard Physicswiki list formats instead of a table. Lists are easier to maintain than tables, and are often easier to read.

Here is an example of a simple list using list formatting:

* 1980: Ultra Wave
* 1988: What's Bootsy Doin'?
* 1994: Blasters of the Universe
* 1994: Fresh Outta 'P' Uni

Which produces:

• 1980: Ultra Wave
• 1988: What's Bootsy Doin'?
• 1994: Blasters of the Universe
• 1994: Fresh Outta 'P' Uni

versus table formatting:

{|class="wikitable1"
|1980
|Ultra Wave
|-
|1988
|What's Bootsy Doin'?
|-
|1994
|Blasters of the Universe
|-
|1994
|Fresh Outta 'P' Uni
|}

Which produces:

 1980 Ultra Wave 1988 What's Bootsy Doin'? 1994 Blasters of the Universe 1994 Fresh Outta 'P' Uni
Prose

Prose is preferred in articles as prose allows the presentation of detail and clarification of context, in a way that a table may not. Prose flows, like one person speaking to another, and is best suited to articles, because their purpose is to explain. Tables which are mainly links, which are most useful for browsing subject areas, should usually have their own entries: see Physicswiki:Stand-alone lists for detail. In an article, significant items should normally be mentioned naturally within the text rather than merely tabulated.

Page layout

Page layouts (using multiple columns, positioning elements, adding borders, etc.) should be done via CSS, not tables, whenever possible.

• Images and other embedded media should be positioned using standard image syntax.
• There are several templates available that will create preformatted multi-column layouts: see Help:Columns.
• Other elements can be positioned or given special formatting through the use of the HTML <div> element and CSS styling.

## See also

• Turner, Chris. "World Professional Championship". cajt.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
• Turner, Chris. "International Open Goya, Matchroom Trophy". cajt.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
• Turner, Chris. "Classic". cajt.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
• Turner, Chris. "UK Championship". cajt.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
• Cite error: The named reference Turner_GP was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference US was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference AUS was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference AUT was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference GER was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference NLDA was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference NOR was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference SWE was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference SWIA was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference UK was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference CRIA was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference RIAA was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference SWI_C was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• Cite error: The named reference BPI was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
• "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 58, No. 25". RPM (Library and Archives Canada). January 10, 1994. Retrieved August 15, 2010.
• "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards: 2002 Awards". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) – Europe. Retrieved August 15, 2010.